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高三英语总复习之“特殊句式”----倒装句知识点归纳与语法聚焦
小新 2017.08.16

  高三复习内容繁重,很多同学天天埋头苦干数理化,忽略了较容易进步的英语。而英语中特殊句式优势比较枯燥难懂的一类。秦学教育小编接下来给大家一一分析强调句、替代句、省略句与倒装句。来看倒装句:

  倒装句

  1.部分倒装;

  2.完全倒装

  3.常考的几个重要句型:

  So +be/情态/助动词+主语

  Neither+be/情态/助动词+主语

  So +adj/adv …+that …

  Neither …, nor …

  Not only …, but also …

  Not until …

  【倒装句】

  “倒装句”主要指的是谓语语序的倒装,当然也有宾语和表语语序的倒装。将谓语的一部分提到主语之前叫部分倒装;将谓语的全部提到主语之前叫全部倒装。

  (一)部分倒装

  部分倒装是把be动词、情态动词、助动词放到主语之前。如果句子中没有这些词,要在主语之前加助动词do / does /did等,而把原来的谓语动词变成原形放在主语之后。部分倒装主要有以下几种情况:

  1.句首状语为否定词或半否定词的句子。

  这类词或短语主要有never, neither, nor, little, seldom, rarely, hardly,scarcely, no sooner, not only, in no way, at no time, few, not, no等,

  Not a word did I say to him.

  Never have I found him so happy.

  Little does he care about what I said.

  I can’t swim. Neither can he.

  No sooner had he gone to bed than he fell asleep.

  Hardly/Scarcely had he gone to bed when he fell asleep.

  单项选择题:

  ①Hardly ________ the airport when the plane took off.

  A. I had arrived at B. had I arrived C. had I reached D. I had got to

  ② —Have you ever seen anything like that before?

  —No, ________ anything like that before.

  A. I never have seen B. never I have seen C. never have I seen D. I have seen

  ③She is not fond of cooking, ________ I.

  A. so am B. nor am C. neither D. nor do

  (key:CCB)

  2.only + 状语放在句首,要部分倒装。

  Only by this means is it possible to explain it. (介词短语)

  Only then did I realize the importance of math. (副词)

  Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to work. (从句)

  注意:如果only后面不是状语,则不用倒装。例如:OnlyWang Ling knows this.

  单项选择题:

  ①Only in this way ________ make progress in your English.

  A. you B. can you C. you be able to D. will you able to

  ②Only when the meeting was over________ go back to meet his friend.

  A. he could B. he was able to C. was he able to D. was able to he

  (key:BC)

  3.so或so引导的短语放在句首,要部分倒装。

  I saw the film, so did she.

  So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him.

  单项选择题:

  ①I like sports and ________ my brother.

  A. so does B. so is C. so can D. so likes

  ②The doctor told Charlie to breathe deeply and ________.

  A. so did Charlie B. Charlie did so C.Charlie does so D. did Charlie so

  ③So loudly ________ that ________ hear her clearly.

  A. did she speak; could everyone B. did she speak; everyone could

  C. she spoke; could everyone D. she spoke; everyone could

  ④If you don’t go to his birthday party next Friday,__________.

  A. so do I B. so will I C. nor do I D. nor will I

  (key:ABBD)

  4.“Not only + 分句,but also + 分句”句型中的前一分句要部分倒装。

  Not only does John love Chinese, he is also good at speaking it.

  但not only...but also...连接主语时,不倒装。Not only the mother but also the children are sick.

  单项选择题:

  ________ himself wrong, but his friends were wrong.

  A. Not was only he B. Not only he C. Not only was he D. Not only was

  (key:C)

  5.Not until放在句首,从句不倒装,主句倒装。

  Not until last week did they find the lost bike. (简单句)

  Not until my son had entered the university did he realize the importance of time. (复合句)

  单项选择题:

  ①Not until the early years of the 19th century ________ know what heat is.

  A. man did B. man C. didn’t man D. did man

  ②Not until I began to work ________ realize how much time I had wasted.

  A. didn’t I B. did I C. I didn’t D. I

  (key:DB)

  6.as引导的让步状语从句

  Proud as these nobles are, he’s afraid to see me.

  Tired as he was, he kept on running.

  单项选择题:

  ________, he’s honest.

  A. As he is poor B. Poor is he C. Poor as he is D. Poor as is he

  (key:C)

  7.在以often, well, many a time, now and again

  等方式或频度副词(短语)开头的句子中,要用部分倒装结构

  Many a time has John given me good advice.

  Often have we made that test.

  单项选择题:

  Many a time ________ swimming alone.

  A. the boy went B. went the boy C. did the boy go D. did go the boy

  (key:C)

  8.在虚拟结构中,条件从句的谓语含有were, had 和should这三个词是,可省去if,将这些词移至主语之前。

  Had I time (= If I had time), I would go and help you.

  Were I you (= If I were you), I would go abroad.

  Should he come (=If he should come), tell him to ring me up.

  9.用于某些表示祝愿的句子里。

  May you succeed!#p#副标题#e#

  (二)全部倒装

  全部倒装有以下几种情况:

  1.There be结构。另外,在此结构中可以用来代替be动词的动词有:exist, seem, happen, appear,live, rise, stand等。

  There stood a dog before him.

  There exist different opinions on this question.

  单项选择题:

  ________ a beautiful palace ________ the foot of the hill.

  A.There stand; at B.There stands; under C.Stands there; under D.There stands; at

  (key:D)

  2.“Here, There, Now, Then + come (或be等) + 主语” 结构

  说明:本句型中there是副词,应重读,强调地点。而前一句型中的there是引导词,本身没意义。如:

  Here comes the old lady!

  Then came the hour we had been looking forward to.

  There comes the bus.

  Now comes your turn.

  除了then引导的句子用过去式以外,其余的均用一般现在时,表示一种生动的描述。其次,如果主语是人称代词,就不用倒装。

  Here you are.

  There she comes.

  单项选择题:

  There ________. And here ________.

  A.goes the phone; she comes B.is the phone going; is she

  C.does the phone go; does she come D.the phone goes; come she

  (key:A)

  3.表示方向的副词out, in, up, down等置于句首,要用全部倒装。但主语是代词时部分倒装。

  In came Mr White.

  Up went the arrow into the air.

  Away went the boy.

  单项选择题:

  ①Out ________, with a stick in his hand.

  A. did he rush B. rushed he C. he rushed D. he did rush

  ②________ from the top of the building when the policeman pointed the gun at him.

  A.Jumped down the robber B.Jumped the robber down

  C.Down jumped the robber D.Down the robber jumped

  (key:CC)

  4.表示地点的介词短语 (如on the wall, under the tree, in front of the house,in the middle of the room等)放在句首时,要全部倒装。

  On the top of the hill stands a pine tree.

  In front of the classroom is a playground.

  They arrived at a house, in front of which sat an old man.

  单项选择题:

  Near the church ________ cottage.

  A.was such an old B.had a so old C.was such old a D.is so an old

  (key:A)

  5.其它形式的完全倒装

  Present at the meeting was Mr. Green, a headmaster.(形容词短语)

  Such was the story he told me.(代词)

  East of the city lies a new railway. (副词短语)

  First to be completed was the seven-storey teaching building. (不定式短语)

  Gone are the days when my heart was young and gay. (过去分词)

  Lying on the floor was a boy aged 15. (现在分词短语)

  6.用于某些表示祝愿的句子里。

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